The Cathedral - the outside

The Cathedral - the outside

If the floor deserves attention since its recent construction which has distorted the earlier, perhaps in brick, partly visible through the side slit open, the new specification of an architectural and historical, is due to the solution of the eighteen columns and pilasters, with their capitals and arches.
We face at a rate in a linear sequence sought on purpose, ie, nine between columns and pillars on each side. They are arranged in five columns and four pillars of greek marble tiles, alternately in the following way:
avviandosi the front door: column, pillar, ending always with the rhythm of the column divider.
A strict order sirispecchia well in parallel from left to right following the disposition of the capitals, as the first two columns start traveling to the capital paracorinzio style, which is modified in the third and fourth in cube shape or cropped spherical triangle, in order A reconciliation of the square top of the capital with the circular column: all ends in the last column to the presbytery in the form paracorinzia.
Moreover, in an area away from us, Demre delI'attuale Turkey, the former Mira, the Basilica of St. Nicola has a solution almost identical to our Caorle, through the pillars, while in the famous St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki chains bind the arches of colannato. Even in other Western churches was in force a solution Ottonian age-pillars columns.
In Italian, the reference is most obvious in Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome, delI'ottavo century, although here the backbone functions as a major element in masonry.
The reality of the chains, which was the cause, broke I'armonia the strings in the early Christian sense, since, if we eliminate the ideally occur before Santa Sabina in Rome or the two Saints Apollinaris of Ravenna.
The solution of the wooden chains attenuates the effect of motion and nervous rush to create a feeling accentuated longitudinal layout, thus emphasizing the impression of more rest, casting his eyes in a perspective focused on the sanctuary and altar .
Nevertheless this set of columns, pillars, pilasters, arches and double ring induces pulvini niellati recent scholars to consider the internal architecture of Caorle a genre unto itself, with no significant examples in the rest, minimum or maximum in the Po Valley of Italy West.
A type rather then derived from the Byzantine and the next street from here, vla In remote from the Armenian.
In Caorle, if anything, the solution does not appear in the Byzantine letter, almost a photocopy, but reinterpreted, and embedded in a substrate-Western Roman basilica of Ravenna in the scheme of the whole.
Instead, the pillars have a characteristic cross-shaped section, due to the pilasters inserted in the northern and southern Europe, giving rise to the system of double arch or double ring.
Both columns, quantonei pillars, arches ten you download on tax or pulvinus, most evident in the column, while it is not, indeed, almost rudimentary in the pillars.
In both cases, the pulvinus; remote ancestry of Ravenna, is decorated in bean leaves inverted in tecnlca niellata. In turn, the columns and pillars are connected to the base of the arch by a wooden truss or chain.
It is not known whether it is original or rear.
Normally, the Venetian lagoon, or similar examples torcellani be explained because of practical needs, namely to prevent the disbanding of the aisle because of the weakness of the soil.
At the door of the right bait out on the south side of the cathedral. Here you can admire the delicate play of decorative arches superimposed on one another so as to create a web form round arches and ogival, performed during the fourteenth century.
To them is overlapped by the saw-tooth structure in the gutter line. Perhaps the choice of decorative Of this tract was due to its location to the most popular with the sea side. Hence, the journey along the wall, we bring you behind the church to admire I'unica central apse emerging from the main wall, since the two apses of the aisles are covered by the back wall.
The apse, with polygon implants, has seven sides or arcs that are returned to the motif of the interior of the Cathedral, that the double ring. The arches are partially blind and partially windowed: proper windows are found in the second, fourth and sixth, creating an alternation in the rhythm of bustling vibrant color effect of wall mass.
Such a solution, by remote control, is found in the basilicas of Ravenna, and on a lagoon in the apse of Torcello prosama, Jesolo, as well as in S. Sofia of Padua. Nevertheless it should be recognized as it has come to Armenia from Caorle, present here in the fifth and sixth centuries, through the filter of Constantinople, whence it passed into our town.
But in practice the solution caprulense with poligonalità not very evident, costrlnge not consider nor Roman nor Byzantine-Venetian or exarchate.
Instead, here we are half way through the evolutionary process of renewal of a Venetian-Byzantine, where the language of Byzantium was founded by local and Western elements.

 

 

  

 More info - The cathedral outside

 More info - The cathedral inside

 More info - The cathedral nave right

 More info - The cathedral nave left

 More info - Cathedral the presbytery

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