The Feast of the Redeemer to remember every year the Venetians and the world the scourge that towards the end of 1500 struck the whole of Europe: the plague!. From 1575 to 1577 the disease led to death many thousands of people from all walks of life, the historians speak in Venice alone, more than 50,000 victims in less than 2 years, including perhaps the most famous was the painter Titian died in almost centenary in 1576. The infection had arrived in town almost certainly the ships that came from the Venetian Republic, where he still dominated trades.
When the plagues were considered a sacred evil, a sort of divine punishment, so it was that September 21 of 1576 the Venetian Senate approved the proposal of Doge Alvise Mocenigo to make a solemn vote to invoke the end of the plague and the salvation of city. It would have been built a temple "for the successors anderanno solemnly to visit... A perpetual memory of the benefit received." It was decided, after the inevitable and interminable discussions, that the temple dedicated to Christ the Redeemer was built on the Giudecca island, where stood the church of S. Maria degli Angeli; May 3 of 1577 with a solemn function was laid the foundation stone of the new Temple.
The third Sunday in July of that year the Doge Sebastiano Venier, the Venetian Republic finally declared free from infection pestilent. Within days it was built a temporary wooden church to celebrate the end of the plague and was built a bridge of boats to connect the Giudecca with the opposite side so that the procession led by the Doge could reach the church for the solemn duties of gratitude.
We need the appearance of the Temple of the Redeemer to the genius and the art of Andrea Palladio to which was assigned the task of design. The Temple was completed and consecrated in 1592 just 15 years after laying the first stone!
The celebrations are not limited to the Temple of the Redeemer, but are extended, according to a tradition of over 400 years in all of Venice, with many events in the fields and squares. The Regatta of the Redeemer is only one of these events even though, along with fireworks, the most spectacular for the thousands of people attend every year. The night of fireworks is a tradition recently, introduced in 1978 to shape the modern ancient festival.
The show is great for both the quantity and quality of fire (45 minutes uninterrupted) is the only scene in which the show takes place. During this night the St. Mark's Basin and across the lagoon between Venice and the Lido teeming with boats full of tourists and Venetians celebrate by eating, singing and especially the varda foghi!. In the image, reworked electronically, you see the Chiesa della Salute illuminated by fireworks.